Ultrasound is a therapeutic modality that has been used by physical therapists since the 1940s. The sound waves that are generated by the ultrasound pass through the skin causing a vibration to the local tissues. Ultrasound has been shown to cause increases in tissue relaxation, local blood flow and scar tissue breakdown. The effect of the increase in local blood flow can be used to help reduce local swelling and chronic inflammation. (Click here if you are interested in learning more about Ultrasound)
Ultrasound can also be used to achieve Phonophoresis. This is a non-invasive way of administering medications to tissues below the skin. Phonophoresis is perfect for patients who are uncomfortable with injections. With this technique, the ultrasonic energy forces the medication through the skin. Cortisone, used to reduce inflammation, is one of the more commonly used substances delivered in this way. (Click here if you are interested in learning more about Phonophoresis)
A typical ultrasound treatment will take from 3-7 minutes depending on the size of the area being treated. In cases where scar tissue breakdown is the goal, this treatment time can be much longer.
- Non-acute joint swelling
- Muscle spasm
- Peyronie's Disease